Violence in the workplace is a problem that affects countries around the world. The present study aimed to evaluate potential risk factors in the development of burnout syndrome in physicians and registered nurses belonging to the Italian Emergency Medicine Departments.
An online survey was conducted from August to February 2021, that explored: workplace safety job satisfaction and burnout levels in: emotional exhaustion (E.E.), depersonalization (D.) and personal accomplishment (P.A.) sub dimensions, in nurses and physicians belonging to Italian Emergency Departments.
222 healthcare workers were recruited among physicians and registered nurses. Of these, 191(86%) suffered from an aggression and 83(37.4%) perceived their own work environments as unsafe. Burnout levels indicated that: more healthcare workers were in E.E. (36.9%), in severe D. (52.3%) and P.A. (40.5%) conditions. Sex for E.E. (p = .034), shift work for P.A. (p = .012), suffered aggression for both D. (p = .029) and P.A. (p = .043) and job satisfaction both for D. (p = .004) and P.A. (p = .002) might be considered as potential risk factors in developing burnout syndrome.