Background and aim
Children with disabilities cause many psychological problems for family members, especially mothers. Considering the importance of mothers’ actual well-being in the family and society, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological hardiness and resilience and its role in the actual well-being of mothers with handicapped children.
Materials and methods
This is a descriptive correlational study in which the statistical population was all mothers with children with handicapped (300) covered by the welfare of Tabriz in 2020-2021 using 150 simple random sampling method. People were selected as the sample. Data collection tools were: Ahvaz Kiamarsi et al. (1998) psychological hardiness questionnaire, Connor and Davidson resilience scale, Lyubomerisky and Leper actual happiness scale and Diner life satisfaction scale. Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data using SPSS software version 19.
The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between psychological toughness and resilience of mothers with handicapped children. The results also showed that psychological hardiness and resilience have a significant positive relationship with actual well-being and its dimensions (happiness and life satisfaction).
It can be said that psychological toughness reduces the level of anxiety and depression by equipping a person with a shield to deal with stressful situations, and by activating problem-based coping strategies in stressful situations, it makes a person look at events with more optimism.
The actual well-being of mothers with handicapped children can be predicted by their resilience and psychological resilience.